An eye cancer that most commonly affects children, retinoblastoma tends to occur before the age of two and is most often the result of a gene mutation that has been inherited. If the tumor is localized, the chance of a cure is incredibly high, with more than 90 percent of cases cured.
The Retina Sends Signals to the Brain
Retinoblastoma begins in the retina, the sensitive lining
on the inside of the eye that senses light.
Children Most Commonly Impacted
Adults are rarely diagnosed with retinoblastoma.
It is the most common form of eye cancer in children.
Common symptoms of retinoblastoma include:
- White color in the pupil of the eye
- Eyes that appear to be looking in different directions
- Redness of the eye
- Bulging of the eye
When diagnosing retinoblastoma, a doctor may complete an eye exam to determine the cause of symptoms. Imaging tests also may be used, including ultrasounds, computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
When a child with retinoblastoma is treated, it’s often through a combination of options that ensures that the eye and vision will remain intact. This may include cryotherapy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. However, with its precision and control, proton therapy may be used to eradicate cancerous cells in a tumor while preserving healthy ocular tissues.